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Section 3: Hazard Elimination Program

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Introduction

The Hazard Elimination (HES) Program is part of the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP). The basic objective of the HES Program is to reduce the number and severity of crashes. The program objectives are accomplished through “highway safety projects.”

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Eligible Roads

HES projects may be for locations both on and off the state highway system.

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Nature of Hazard Elimination Projects

HES projects may accomplish any of the following:

These projects may range from spot-safety improvements and upgrading of existing conditions to new roadway construction.

HES program safety emphasis areas include:

  • barriers
  • curve improvements
  • grade separations
  • intersection improvements
  • off-system improvements
  • rumble strips
  • widening.
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Program Process Overview

The following table summarizes the process by which highway safety projects obtain HES program funding.

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Step

Responsible Party

Action

1.

TRF

Using the most current Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP), the program safety emphasis areas are identified.

2.

TRF

Identifies potential project locations that qualify for improvements in the identified program emphasis areas using the three most current years of crash data.

3.

District

Evaluates each identified location to determine if the project is feasible and to verify that appropriate countermeasures addressing the location’s safety needs have not already been implemented or scheduled for construction.

4.

District

Works with area offices and local governments to gather additional location information and to identify any potential locations that may have been excluded due to incomplete or inaccurate crash and roadway data.

5.

District

For projects determined to be feasible, conducts a field evaluation to determine the appropriate countermeasure and develop a detailed estimate.

6.

District

Completes and submits HSIP project containing requested data to the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) Traffic Operations Division (TRF) along with the necessary backup data (typical sections, layouts, etc.) in response to the program call.

7.

TRF

Analyzes the proposed highway safety projects for HSIP eligibility, data accuracy, and conformance with design standards.

8.

TRF

Analyzes each eligible project’s Safety Improvement Index (SII) and puts the projects in priority order based on the results.

9.

TRF

Places projects in the HSIP according to priority and appropriated federal funding; then sends listing of highway safety projects selected for funding in the HSIP to the districts.

10.

District

Sets projects up in the Design/Construction Information System (DCIS) in the assigned work program and may include qualifying projects in the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) as appropriate.

11.

District

Notifies TRF of potential overrun of an HES project's authorized funds prior to Plans, Specifications and Estimates (PS&E) submittal.

12.

District

Submits PS&E for HES projects to TRF in accordance with standard PS&E submission schedule.

>> See the Plans, Specifications, and Estimate Preparation Manual ( Chapter 1, Section 3) for details on PS&E procedures.

13.

TRF

Handles overruns of project authorized funds at the divisional PS&E review stage in accordance with the current TxDOT policy.

>> See Commission Minute Order 106788, March 28, 1996, or subsequent revisions.



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