Chapter 11: Pump StationsAnchor: #i1013256
Section 1: IntroductionAnchor: #i1013261
Purpose of A Pump Station
A pump station mechanically lifts storm water runoff from a gravity fed collection cistern to a discharge place or outfall. In general, gravity outfalls are the primary and preferred means of releasing flow from storm drain systems. However, a pump station becomes necessary when gravity outfalls are not economically or engineeringly feasible.
The need for pump stations is a function of the highway geometric design rather than of climatic factors. Planners can design pump stations to be unobtrusive, efficient, and reliable.
In the planning stages, the roadway designer can obtain valuable advice and assistance from the following sources:
- Anchor: #JEJIIFJN
- manufacturer representatives for pumps, Anchor: #EIGHIMHL
- manufacturer representatives for generators, Anchor: #MLFELLEE
- contractors who have had experience in pump station construction, Anchor: #MTIMNMNK
- utility representatives for electricity and natural gas.
Security and Access Considerations
Protection of the facilities is an important concern. The pump station facility should be protected and secured with fences, gates, and locks. When planning the fencing, adequate access for service and maintenance vehicles must be provided.Anchor: #i1013327
Safety and Environmental Considerations
Depending on the types and concentrations of runoff contaminants or pollutants that may be pumped by the facility, certain safety and environmental features may be necessary in the design. Consult the Design Division’s Hydraulics Branch about the quality of the runoff discharge water. Refer to the TxDOT Environmental Manual and the Environmental Division for more information on environmental concerns, policies, and agencies.