Chapter 9: Quality Control/Quality Assurance ProgramAnchor: #i1005345
Section 1: Introduction of the Quality Control / Quality Assurance ProgramAnchor: #i1005351
Quality Control/Quality Assurance Program
Title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 650, Subpart C, Section 313, paragraph (g), Quality Control and Quality Assurance, requires each state to assure that systematic Quality Control (QC) and Quality Assurance (QA) procedures are being used to maintain a high degree of accuracy and consistency in their inspection program. The Texas Department of Transportation’s (TxDOT’s) Bridge Division is tasked with developing a QC/QA Program that fulfills this requirement. It is, however, the responsibility of all personnel involved with the Bridge Inspection Program (BIP) to implement the QC/QA Program.
Accuracy and consistency of the inspection data collected, the manner in which the bridge inspections are performed, and how the data is reported is critical to ensuring long-term reliability of the bridge inventory. This is the basis of the bridge management operation and bridge management system. Information obtained through the BIP is used for:
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- making decisions concerning public safety, Anchor: #QLOOYJVI
- allocating and prioritizing funds and resources for the maintenance, repair, and replacement of bridges, Anchor: #LGXDGTMW
- improving the design of new bridges, and Anchor: #LBLVAVQU
- improving the design of bridge repairs.
The QC/QA program influences all office and field BIP activities including:
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- pre-inspection preparations, Anchor: #WRSBRDJR
- bridge inspections, Anchor: #OEOHHPBP
- load ratings, Anchor: #REJKKHPU
- QC/QA procedures, Anchor: #HOWISBLR
- data reporting, and Anchor: #RMXJEVOP
- all follow-up activities such as maintenance, repair and load posting.
For purposes of the TxDOT bridge inspection QC/QA Program, the word quality is used and defined in terms of measurable variations from established procedures, practices, and requirements that are in accordance with National Bridge Inspection Standards (NBIS) as well as additional TxDOT requirements. The additional TxDOT requirements can be found in Chapter 3 of this manual, “Qualifications and Responsibilities of Bridge Inspection Personnel” and the current bridge contract.
In February 2011, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) implemented 23 metrics that are used for evaluating the performance of a State’s BIP. These 23 metrics address components of and define different levels of compliance with the NBIS including:
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- Section 650.307 Bridge inspection organization, Anchor: #EVBHTWSS
- Section 650.309 Qualifications of personnel, Anchor: #EGHIFYOB
- Section 650.311 Inspection frequency, Anchor: #MACTRUQJ
- Section 650.313 Inspection procedures, and Anchor: #BECRDSVU
- Section 650.315 Inventory.
TxDOT is committed to attaining a quality assessment that measures no less than a level of compliance with all 23 NBIS metrics and TxDOT requirements, and to continuously pursue more effective measures leading to the compliance of such standards and requirements. Additionally, TxDOT will continuously strive toward implementing effective and comprehensive measures that enhance the overall quality and consistency of the BIP.
CFR Title 23, Part 650, Subpart C - NBIS, Section 650.305, defines Quality Control (QC) as “Procedures that are intended to maintain the quality of a bridge inspection and load rating at or above a specified level.” These procedures will be implemented on an on-going basis for issues related to program organization and within specific time frames for review task related issues.
CFR Title 23, Part 650, Subpart C – NBIS, Section 650.305, defines Quality Assurance (QA) as, “The use of sampling and other measures to assure the adequacy of quality control procedures in order to verify or measure the quality level of the entire bridge inspection and load rating program.” These procedures have the effect of identifying needed changes to policy, guidelines, etc. and permitting for continual improvements to QC protocol thus allowing for a more efficient and effective BIP.Anchor: #i1005488
TxDOT’s Bridge Division is committed to a BIP that results in reliable data for use in providing safe and functional bridges. Through effective and efficient maintenance and planning practices, TxDOT will continue to demonstrate responsible stewardship of public funds.
TxDOT Bridge Division’s QC/QA Program aims to:
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- generate greater accuracy, consistency, and uniformity of the data collected and in the methodology employed for collecting and reporting this data, Anchor: #NMLIYDFR
- standardize the interpretation and prioritization of inspection findings, Anchor: #UXHFOHPV
- establish and monitor the qualifications of personnel involved in the program, Anchor: #XIXYCEXV
- identify and address unclear or misleading information in the bridge inspection guides and manuals, and Anchor: #KSQJMWHL
- increase communication between personnel involved in the BIP at all levels (Division, District, Consultants, Sub-Consultants, and FHWA).
These goals can be achieved through the establishment and application of procedures and protocols that are practical and pertinent to the BIP. The QC/QA Program allows for checks and balances over these procedures and protocols through periodic and independent inspections, reviews, and evaluations. The QC/QA Program is continuously evolving and is guided by and improved upon through robust User feedback. A strong and adaptable QC/QA Program leads to a stronger BIP.