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Section 7: Management and Monitoring Systems

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Federal Requirements

ISTEA established six management systems that the states and MPOs were required to implement in the metropolitan areas. These six management systems are:

  • pavement management system (PMS)
  • bridge management system (BMS)
  • safety management system (SMS)
  • congestion management system (CMS)
  • public transportation management system (PTMS)
  • intermodal management system (IMS).

In addition, ISTEA established the traffic monitoring system (TMS) to provide a means for systematically processing the collection, analysis, summary, and retention of highway and transit-related person and vehicular traffic data.

Due to overwhelming opposition to the management systems, the National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 made the management systems optional for each state, with two exceptions. A CMS is required for Transportation Management Areas (TMAs), and the state is responsible for the TMS.

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TxDOT Implementation

TxDOT has chosen to implement the SMS, BMS, and the PMS on a statewide basis. Also, some MPOs have implemented some of the management systems, such as the PMS, in their areas. The implementation and continued practice of the management systems in the metropolitan areas are eligible for PL funding.

For more information on the following systems, consult the Design Division Project Development Process Manual:

  • Pavement Management Information System
  • Bridge Management Information System
  • Safety Management System
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Congestion Management System

A CMS is required only in TMAs and is optional in all other areas. As stated in 23 CFR §500.109, an effective CMS is a systematic process for managing congestion that provides information on transportation system performance and on alternative strategies for alleviating congestion and enhancing the mobility of persons and goods to levels that meet state and local needs.

The CMS results in serious consideration of implementing strategies that provide the most efficient and effective use of existing and future transportation facilities. Consideration needs to be given to strategies that reduce single-occupancy vehicle (SOV) travel and improve existing transportation system efficiency. Where the addition of general purpose lanes is determined to be an appropriate strategy, explicit consideration is to be given to the incorporation of appropriate features into the SOV project to facilitate future demand management and operational improvement strategies that will maintain the functional integrity of those lanes.

In a TMA designated as nonattainment for carbon monoxide and/or ozone, the CMS shall provide an appropriate analysis of all reasonable (including multimodal) travel-demand reduction and operational management strategies for the corridor in which a project is proposed that will result in a significant increase in capacity for SOVs (e.g., adding general purpose lanes to an existing highway or constructing a new highway). If the analysis demonstrates that travel-demand reduction and operational management strategies cannot fully satisfy the need for additional capacity in the corridor and additional SOV capacity is warranted, then the CMS shall identify all reasonable strategies to manage the SOV facility effectively (or to facilitate its future management).

Other travel-demand reduction and operational management strategies appropriate for the corridor, but not appropriate for incorporation into the SOV facility itself, shall also be identified through the CMS. All identified reasonable travel-demand reduction and operational management strategies shall be incorporated into the SOV project or committed to by the state and MPO for implementation.

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Public Transportation Management Systems

The Public Transportation Division of TxDOT shall be responsible for preparing and updating a statewide comprehensive master plan for public transportation. It shall provide financial assistance through appropriate communication and the establishment of procedures for the development and processing of applications. The division will assist local entities in securing federal financial aid for establishing or maintaining public transportation systems. It will administer the state public transportation fund and other monies appropriated by the Texas Legislature for public transportation purposes and established within the department budget, in accordance with all federal, state, and local laws, statutes, ordinances, rules, and regulations.

The Public Transportation Division will provide technical assistance through a core of technical expertise to district personnel and local jurisdictions. It will represent the state in public transportation matters with federal officials, transit organizations, and local communities. The division will sponsor and monitor research and development activities to enhance public transportation development and assist in developing policies by the commission, governor, and legislature.

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Intermodal Management System

To be added at a later date

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Traffic Monitoring System

To be added at a later date

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