Chapter 4: Sign MaintenanceAnchor: #i1001302
Section 1: OverviewAnchor: #i1001308
This chapter describes the methods, procedures, and materials used to maintain traffic signs to the standards of design, layout, installation, location, etc., as prescribed by the Texas Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (TMUTCD).
For general guidelines on maintenance practices related to signs, see Chapter 4, Section 2 of the Maintenance Operations Manual.Anchor: #i1001368
Maintenance in Cities
The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) enters into Municipal Maintenance Agreements with each incorporated city in the state, defining the responsibilities of the city and the state. Inside cities, the maintenance responsibility for traffic control devices is set forth in these agreements.
The latest standard Municipal Maintenance Agreement can be downloaded in Chapter 5, Section 2 of the Maintenance Management Manual, published by the Maintenance Division (MNT). Districts should periodically review existing Municipal Maintenance Agreements to ensure that maintenance responsibilities are being adhered to by both parties (TxDOT and city). In some cases, the agreement may need to be amended to reflect current maintenance practices.Anchor: #i1011479
Importance of Sign Maintenance
To command the respect of motorists, all traffic signs and sign supports should be:
- Anchor: #CWIFAEQL
- maintained in a straight and plumb position Anchor: #LNJBUEDX
- in the proper location (for both viewing and providing the required clearance) Anchor: #FQMMOOHQ
- clean and legible both day and night .
Damaged traffic signs should be replaced as soon as practicable if their effectiveness is impaired.
Well maintained signs:
- Anchor: #XYYOJHWV
- enhance the safety of the driving public Anchor: #TQXFIENC
- enhance the general appearance of the highway Anchor: #PLSWCIEP
- reflect the quality commitment of the area maintenance section.
Elements of Good Maintenance
Efficient sign maintenance requires:
- Anchor: #DWUVAGCP
- complete records of all sign installations and inspections Anchor: #DCBTPLEU
- scheduled inspections by trained personnel Anchor: #DDVQVJPX
- continual observations of sign conditions by all department employees .
Maintenance Level of Service Guidelines
The Maintenance Management Manual establishes guidelines for planning and performing various maintenance activities in accordance with available funds. Three possible funding levels are defined: desirable (the highest), acceptable, and tolerable (the lowest). Maintenance priorities are assigned based on the level of funding, and maintenance forces are directed to “substantially maintain” the various highway components accordingly. Chapter 3 of the Maintenance Management Manual explains the concept in detail, and Section 2 of Chapter 3 includes the maintenance level of service guidelines for signs.Anchor: #VVWOCRSQ
Sign Maintenance Equipment
Specially designed trucks are useful for the field maintenance of signs, including the transportation of signs and to support replacement. These trucks should carry the necessary equipment, tools, and supplies for performing all the necessary maintenance tasks.Anchor: #BFYHSVHU
Department Stock Items
The Support Services Division (SSD) is responsible for maintaining sufficient stock of signing products. Quantities are stocked according to their historical use data. If a district anticipates the need for a large quantity of a particular item, SSD should be notified as soon as possible, so that the item can be ordered if stock is inadequate.
Overhead sign supports are not a stock item. They are normally built to fit each specific location, and the work is typically done by contract.Anchor: #IRDJDHLT
Replacement Costs of Traffic Control Devices
The Traffic Operations Division (TRF) maintains an illustrated guide that shows average costs for replacing various traffic control devices. The information is primarily used by the Department of Public Safety to estimate the cost of damage caused by motor vehicle crashes. If the district is called upon for an estimate, this guide can be used, or a more detailed estimate may be done. The costs shown in the guide include materials and labor.